Evaluate whether LLMs could play different personas and improve human-AI interaction and collaboration

Despite the many use cases for large language models (LLMs) in the design of chatbots in various industries and the research showing the importance of personalizing chatbots to cater to different personality traits, little work has been done to evaluate whether the behaviors of personalized LLMs can reflect certain personality traits accurately and consistently. We consider studying the behavior of LLM-based simulated agents which refer to as LLM personas and present a case study with GPT-3.5 (text-davinci-003) to investigate whether LLMs can generate content with consistent, personalized traits when assigned Big Five personality types and gender roles. We created 320 LLM personas (5 females and 5 males for each of the 32 Big Five personality types) and prompted them to complete the classic 44-item Big Five Inventory (BFI) and then write an 800-word story about their childhood. Results showed that LLM personas' self-reported BFI scores are consistent with their assigned personality types, with large effect sizes found on all five traits. Moreover, significant correlations were found between assigned personality types and some Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) psycholinguistic features of their writings. For instance, extroversion is associated with pro-social and active words, and neuroticism is associated with words related to negative emotions and mental health. Besides, we only found significant differences in using technological and cultural words in writing between LLM-generated female and male personas. This work provides a first step for further research on personalized LLMs and their applications in Human-AI conversation.

Program: Scaffolding
Phase: In Progress
Photo by Google DeepMind on Unsplash
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